Friday, March 23, 2012

B - Post-dating journal articles and citation counting

Krell FT. Academic publishers' time-loop: another mechanism to manipulate impact factors? Learned Publishing 2012;25(2):153-154
(doi: 10.1087/20120210)

According to the author, all major scientific publishers state false publication dates. Why not give the correct publication dates? For a journal issue published, for example, in December 2011, but dated January 2012, the citation counting for the Impact Factor (IF) will consider citations from January 2012 to December 2014. This buys journal issues another year of exposure and moves the citation counts for the journal IF closer to the peak of citedness for most journals.

Wednesday, March 21, 2012

B - Tracking replications as method of post-publication evaluation

Hartshorne JK, Schachner A. Tracking replicability as a method of post-publication open evaluation. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience 2012;6:8
(doi: 10.3389/fncom.2012.00008)

To increase the reliability and accuracy of published articles, the authors propose tracking replications of published findings as a means of post-publication evaluation, both to help researchers identify reliable findings, and to incentivize the publication of reliable results. They laid out a proposal for how replications might be tracked via an online open access system, which core components are described, including mechanisms for compiling the information, ensuring data quality, and incentivizing the research community to participate.

B - Chinese medical ethics

Li EC, Du P, Ji KZ, et al. Chinese ethics review system and Chinese medicine ethical review: past, present, and future. Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 2011;17(11):867-872

The Chinese medical ethics committee and the ethical review system have recently made substantial achievements, as they: enabled the institutionalization of medical ethics, carried out the ethics review of Chinese medicine extensively, trained a large number of ethical professionals, supported and protected the interests of patients and subjects. Nevetheless, new problems and difficulties should be faced.

B - Open access economical model

Leptin M. Open access-pass the buck. Science 2012;335(6074):1279
(doi: 10.1126/science.1220395)

Most scientists support the open access publishing model, but there is still much debate on the economics and potential consequences of open access among researchers, publishers, academics, funding agencies, and governments. Publishing costs money and open access is not free. Moving from subscription-based to author-pays economics does not abolish the potential for profit. The open access publishing depends largely on the proportion of submitted articles accepted by a journal. The author-pays business model is incompatible with the highly selective publishing model of the traditional journals: an open access journal has to be either selective and expensive, or less selective and inexpensive.

B - Women underrepresented on editorial boards of top-ranked medical journals

Amrein K, Langmann A, Fahrleitner-Pammer A, et al. Women underrepresented on editorial boards of 60 major medical journals. Gender Medicine 2011;8(6):377-387
(doi: 10.1016/j.genm.2011.10.007)

Significant gender disparity is still present at many levels of academic medicine. Results from a sample analysis of 60 leading medical journals in different medical specialties, published in 2011, showed that women are still a minority on editorial boards, accounting for 16% of editors-in-chief and 18% of editorial board members. A great variability (between 0 and 71%) exists among the journals and specialties analyzed. Greater participation by women on editorial boards may improve the quality and diversity of the review process as reviewer behaviour is different in some aspects between men and women.

B - Publication of NIH funded clinical trials

Ross JS, Tse T, Zarin DA et al. Publication of NIH funded trials registered in ClinicalTrials.gov: cross sectional analysis. British Medical Journal 2012;344:d7292

The US FDA Amendment Act of 2007 requires that clinical trials subject to regulation be registered and reported in ClinicalTrials.gov, and this is - according to the ICMJE - a requisite for publication. This legislation aims at improving the accessibility of clinical trial results. The results of this study showed that fewer than half of clinical trials funded by NIH and registered within ClinicalTrials.gov were published in a peer-reviewed biomedical journal indexed by Medline within 30 months trial completion. The median time of publication was 51 months after trial completion, and a third of trials remained unpublished.

Friday, March 16, 2012

B - Gender-sensitive reporting in medical research

Heidari S, Abdool Karim Q, Auerbach JD, et al. Gender-sensitive reporting in medical research. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012;15(11)
(doi: 10.1186/1758-2652-15-11)

Women are still underrepresented in clinical trials, and even in studies in which both men and women participate, systematic analysis of data to identify potential sex-based differences is lacking. This article suggests important steps that could be taken to address the gender imbalance: inclusion of a gender perspective in the next Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guideline revision; sensitizing the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to emphasize in their Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (URM) the ethical obligation of authors to present data analyzed by sex as a matter of routine; and requiring journal editors to include gender analyses into their editorial policies.

B - How experienced examiners assess research theses

Mullins G, Kiley M. "It's a PhD, not a Nobel Prize": how experienced examiners assess research theses. Studies in Higher Education 2002;27(4):369-386
(doi: 10.1080/0307507022000011507)

This 2002 article reports on a study of the examination processes for postgraduate research theses that 30 Australian experienced examiners went through, and the judgements they made before writing their reports. The study considered a variety of issues, such as: criteria used by examiners and levels of student performance expected by them; critical judgement points in the examination process; examiners' perceptions of their own role in the process; influence on examiners of previously published works.

B - Twitter: a guide for academics and researchers

Mollett A, Moran D, Dunleavy P. Using Twitter in university research, teaching and impact activities. Impact of social sciences: maximizing the impact of academic research, LSE Public Policy Group, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK. LSE Research Online September 2011

Twitter is a form of free micro-blogging which allows users to send and receive short public messages called tweets. Thousands of academics and researchers at all levels of experience and across all disciplines already use Twitter daily. How can such a brief medium have any relevance to universities and academia? Can anything of academic value ever be said in just 140 characters? This guide answers these questions, ahowing how to get started on Twitter and showing how it can be used as a resource for research, teaching and impact activities.

Monday, March 12, 2012

B - Mathematicians' author rights

Fowler KK. Do mathematicians get the author rights they want? Notices of the AMS 2012;59(3):436-438
(doi: 10.1090/noti808)

This article identifies the rights mathematicians say they want when publishing an article, which rights they often do not get, and how and why an author might keep the important ones. The best suggested solution would be to sign a publication agreement betwen the author and the editor, that both of them agree to, and that gives both of them the rights they feel are important. On the contrary, if a standard agreement is not possible, an author should attach and addendum to the contract. A balance of rights is needed for the mathematics community's benefit.

B - Maximizing journal article visibility and citations

Norman ER. Maximizing journal article citation online: readers, robots, and research visibility. Politics & Policy 2012;40(1):1-12
(doi: 10.1111/j.1747-1346.2011.00342.x)

Writing an article for online distributions is different from preparing one for print journals in some small, but important, aspects. This article covers some techniques that authors should consider when submitting to online journals, in order to: choose a search engine-friendly title, write accurate abstracts and inviting introductions, make the article easy to use and connect to, use media and links imaginatively, and disseminate the article after publication. These improvements are likely to be worth in terms of maximizing an article's chances for better visibility, increased downloads, and higher citations later.

Thursday, March 01, 2012

B - AuthorAID in the Eastern Mediterranean

Shashok K, Handjani F. Enhancing the quality of research publication: AuthorAID in the Eastern Mediterranean. The Journal of Tehran University Heart Center 2010;5(4):169-171

Throughout the Eastern Mediterranean region, infrastructural, linguistic, economic and even political factors can limit access to English-language resources for the development and training of researchers, science editors, and peer reviewers. This article describes the AuthorAID in the Eastern Mediterranean (AAEM) project, that aims to increase the dissemination of research results from Eastern Mediterranean countries through editorial mentoring. AAEM advisors help researchers prepare manuscripts to a high standard of linguistic and editorial quality.

B - Self-publishing of Croatian editors

Bošnjak L, Puljak L, Vukojević K, et al. Analysis of a number and type of publications that editors publish in their own journals: case study of scholarly journals in Croatia. Scientometrics 2011;86:227-233
(doi: 10.1007/s11192-010-0207-7)

This article analysed a number of articles of scholarly Croatian journals to assess how often the editors published their own research articles in their own journals (self-publishing). Although the majority of editors did not misuse their journals for scientific publishing and academic promotion and extreme self-publishing cases were rare, none of the journals had any stated policy on the publications and management of submissions. A greater transparency for the conflict of interests of the editors is needed.

B - What factors determine citation counts in chemistry

Bornmann L, Schier H, Marx W, et al. What factors determine citation counts of publications in chemistry besides their quality? Journal of Informetrics 2012;6(1):11-18
(doi: 10.1016/j.joi.2011.08.004)

This study examined the correlation between citation counts of individual papers and a number of factors, using an extensive data set from the field of chemistry. The study found a statistically significant correlation - independently of the quality of the papers - with the following factors: citation performance of the cited references, reputation of the authors, language of the publishing journal, and chemical subfield, but not with the number of the authors.