Thursday, February 22, 2018

B - Preprint badges

Davis P. Badges? We don't need no stinking preprint badges! The Scholarly Kitchen 2018 Feb. 14

Authors submitting papers to PLOS journals can now opt to transfer their manuscript automatically to the bioRxiv preprint server. In this arrangement, PLOS will perform the initial screening, which includes checking for plagiarism, previous publication, scope, ethical, and technical criteria before manuscripts are transferred to bioRxiv. It also refers to badges, that is nevertheless used to describe something still undefined, but presumably to serve as a marker to the reader that a preprint has received some as yet unknown level of reviewer/editorial scrutiny/approval.

B - Journal editors core competencies

Matarese V, Shashok K. Improving the biomedical research literature: insights from authors' editors can help journal editors define and refine their core competencies. F1000Research 2018;7:109
(doi: 10.12688/f1000research.13760.2)

Based on their experience as authors' editors, they suggest how to strengthen core competencies for journal editors so that they better respond to the needs of readers and authors. First, journal editors should ensure that authors are given useful feedback on the language and writing beyond a blanket judgement of whether the English is "acceptable" or not. Second, journal editors should be able to deal effectively with inappropriate text re-use and plagiarism.

B - Triangulation

Munafò MR, Smith GD. Robust research needs many lines of evidence. Nature 2018;553(7689):399-401
(doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-01023-3)

Several studies across many fields estimate that only around 40% of published findings can be replicated reliably. But replication is not enough. The authors recommend triangulation, that is the strategic use of multiple approaches to address one question. Each approach has its own unrelated assumptions, strenghts and weaknesses. Results that agree across different methodologies are less likely to be artefacts.

B - Prestigious journals and reliability

Brembs B. Prestigious science journals struggle to reach even average reliability. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2018;12:37
(doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2018.00037)

Data from several lines of evidence suggest that the methodological quality of scientific experiments does not increase with increasing rank of the journal. On the contrary, some of the data suggest the inverse: methodological quality and, consequently, reliability of published research works in several fields may be decreasing with increasing journal rank.

B - Communication regulatory science

Noar SM, Cappella JN, Price S. Communication regulatory science: mapping a new field. Health Communication 2017 Dec. 13
(doi: 10.1080/10410236.2017.1407231)

Communication regulatory science is an emerging field that uses validated techniques, tools, and models to inform regulatory actions that promote optimal communication outcomes and benefit the public. This is an opening article to a special issue on communication and tobacco regulatory science, that provides an example of 10 studies that exemplify tobacco regulatory science and demonstrate how the health communication field can affect regulation and benefit public health.

B - Ethical issues on predatory journals

Ferris LE, Winker MA. Ethical issues in publishing in predatory journals. Biochemia Medica 2017; 27(3):031201
(doi: 10.11613/BM.2017.030)

This paper discusses ethical issues around predatory journals and publishing in them. These issues include: misrepresentation; lack of editorial and publishing standards and practices; academic deception; research and funding wasted; lack of archived content; and undermining confidence in research literature.

B - Gender differences in HIV publications

Overbaugh J. Defining the barriers to women publishing in high-impact journals. Journal of Virology 2018 Jan. 24
(doi: 10.1128/JVI.02127-17)

This commentary describes gender differences in publication of HIV-related articles that raise questions about best practices in this important aspect of science.

B - Scientific presentations and writing

Kressmann C, lang S. Six communication rules for scientific presentations and writing. Medical Writing 2017;26(4):46-47

The authors defined six communication rules for scientific writing and presenting. Both presentations and research articles should not be overloaded with details or aspects that contribute nothing to the topic.

B - Database search

Delaney A, Tamás PA. Searching for evidence or approval? A commentary on database search in systematic reviews and alternative information retrieval methodologies. Research Synthesis Methods 2017 Nov. 4
(doi: 10.1002/jrsm.1282)

A commentary on the factors that call into question the appropriateness of default reliance on database searches particularly as systematic review is adapted for use in new and lower consensus fields. It discusses alternative methods for information retrieval.

B - Publications accessibility

Kasdorf B. Why accessibility is hard and how to make it easier: Lessons from publishers. Learned Publishing 2018;31(1):11-18
(doi: 10.1002/leap.1146)

The requirements for providing publications in an accessible form proves difficult to accomplish for most publishers. This article examines the issues that are challenging to publishers and their suppliers, discusses the factors that make them difficult, and suggests strategies as that of building accessibility into the production worflows upfront.

B - Animal research reporting

Osborne NJ, Ritskes-Hoitinga M, Ahluwahlia A, et al. Letter to editor - round table unites to tackle culture change in an effort to improve animal resarch reporting. BMC Veterinary Research 2017;13:314
(doi: 10.1186/s12917-017-1235-9)

A round table meeting was held s on the 25th of September 2017 in Edinburgh to discuss how to enhance the rate at which the quality of reporting animal research can be improved. A signed statement acknowledges the efforts that participant organizations have made towards improving the reporting of animal studies and confirms an ongoing commitment to drive further improvements, calling upon both academics and laboratory animal veterinarians to help make this cultural change.

Tuesday, February 20, 2018

EASE & PEERE Training School on Peer Review





TD1306 COST ACTION “New Frontiers of Peer Review”
PEERE Training School on Peer Review
15-17 May 2018
University of Split School of Medicine

With the support of EASE, the TD1306 PEERE (New Frontiers of Peer Review) organises a training school on peer review open to doctoral and postdoctoral students, researchers, journal editors and other professionals who want to improve their knowledge on peer review and learn about the best practices in the management of the peer review process.

The School will consist of a combination of lectures and practical work, which will include peer review tutorials by journal editors, publishers and leading scholars. The participants will hear about innovative models of peer review and discuss the managerial implications and new technology frontiers in peer review. Different stakeholders in peer review will have a unique opportunity to discuss the current challenges in peer review and look into its future.

The School Co-Directors are Ana Marušić (EASE President / University of Split School of Medicine, Croatia), Virginia Dignum (Delft University of Technology, Netherlands) and Flaminio Squazzoni (University of Brescia, Italy).

The school will take place at the University of Split School of Medicine, Room B102, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia.

For further information, visit the PEERE website or email here

Sunday, February 18, 2018

EASE Conference Abstract: Challenges of publishing in languages other than English

We have added the first full session abstract and speaker bio to our conference pages!

This honour falls to Maria del Carmen Ruiz-Alcocer, and her session addressing Challenges of publishing in languages other than English.

We will be adding more full pages of information for each session over the coming months. Each full abstract will be linked to from the conference programme in its' own page.  Maria's session is here, or you can read it in full, below.

Keep an eye on the website, or our Facebook and Twitter profiles for more announcements as we add new pages.

14th EASE Conference, Bucharest 2018
Saturday 9th June: 14.00 – 15.00
Plenary Lecture 3

Challenges of publishing in languages other than English
Maria del Carmen Ruiz-Alcocer, AMERBAC (Mexican Association of Editors)
Chair: Paola de Castro, National Institute of Health, Italy / Gender Policy Committee, EASE Council

The three most spoken languages worldwide are Mandarin Chinese (1,092 million), English (984 million) and Spanish (528 million). Science production is extensive. Not all researchers speak English and not all outputs will be published in major international journals. What happens if scientists do not publish in English? What are their options and challenges? On the occasion of his visit to Mexico, the unforgettable, late Bruce Squires called on us scientists to publish in Spanish. It has been a permanent dilemma since: should we publish in Spanish? In English? In both languages?

Most medical journals in Mexico are published in Spanish with, often poor, summaries in English. We are far from a satisfactory solution and fora like the EASE conference are ideal to find the best options on how to disseminate science to the greatest number of users all over the world. I consider the most important considerations are to be (i) research is carried out in strict adherence to scientific methodology, (ii) readers have access to all elements that allow them to know the scope of the research, (iii) researchers should publish in their original language, and (iv) the translator that prepares the summary in English should be considered as a key member of the research/authorship team.

Dra. María del Carmen Ruíz-Alcocer
Intersistemas Editors
AMERBAC (International Affairs Director)
WAME (Director)

About María del Carmen Ruíz-Alcocer

I am Maria del Carmen Ruiz Alcocer, I am Mexican and did MD from the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM 1976-1980). I have graduate studies in Health Administration and a Master in Education. I live in Mexico City.

Since 1981 I have been involved in medical education, most notably the Coordination of the Mexican Television Center for Health Education (CEMESATEL) in 1989-1995; Medical Management (2002-2009) and Medical Director in LiveMed Institute (2009 to date), a Mexican company for Continuing Medical Education all over the country, working in face-to-face and online programs), Medical editor since 1995 in Intersistemas Publishers, a Mexican company founded in 1970 (journals, books, self-teaching programs, e-books and online programs) where I have been Editor in Chief, Editorial Director and now Medical Senior Editor.

I am member of WAME, since 2002 and member of EASE, the European Association of Science Editors since 2013. In EASE I am translating into Spanish the abstracts of European Science Editing since 2014 and now I am translating the Science Editor’s Handbook. For WAME I translated the Syllabus several years ago. In 2003-2005 I was president of AMERBAC (The Mexican Association of Biomedical Journal Editors) and now I am Director for International Affairs 2015-2017 and 2017-2019), and director-at-large in WAME (2003-2005, 2013-2015 and 2017-2019). I was Member of the Editorial Policy Committee of WAME till it was renamed the Ethics and Policy Committee and currently I am a member of the Education Committee.