Friday, November 30, 2007

B - Planning that title and the use of colons

Hartley J. Planning that title: Practices and preferences for titles with
colons in academic articles
. Library & Information Science Research. 2007(29): 553–568

There is a large debate on effective titles that influence article reading and its citations. This article considers the use of "colonic" titles in different disciplines. Colons play an important role in titles for academic articles. Some current practices in using colons and students'and academics' preferences for titles with and without colons are analysed. Disciplinary differences show a greater use of colons in the arts than in sciences and that more single authors use more colons that multiple authors. There are differnces in titles used for conference papers and journal articles. The use of colons did not influence citation rates.

Thursday, November 29, 2007

B - Academics’ views on publishing refereed works

Hemmings BC,Rushbrook P, Smith E. Academics’ views on publishing refereed works: A content analysis. Higher Education. 2007, 54(2):307-332. DOI 10.1007/s10734-005-8608-x

A research from an Australian university aiming to explore academics views about publishing or not publishing in refereed sources and their perceived worth of this activity. The survey included many questions to get information on the factors that either encourage or discourage academics from publishing in peer reviewjournals. The responses are analysed in detail and comparisons are made also on the responses of male and female academics.

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

B - Integration of the research library service into the editorial process

Brown D, Leith D. Integration of the research library service into the editorial process. "Embedding" the librarian into the media. New Information Perspectives 2007 59(6):539-549

The purpose of the study is to outline changes in information management and decentralise library services according to the paradigms of modern media organisation. The methodology was to review best practice in newsroom library. The "embedded" structure resulted in an increasing in lenght and complexity of researches inquiries and in librarians playing a more active role in the editorial process.;jsessionid=8A9921BC9CAE10350E1D420BC817133C?contentType=Article&contentId=1640590

B - The Delorean or the Mini? Digital imperatives for publishers, digital dilemmas for repositories.

Gorman G E. The Delorean or the Mini? Digital imperatives for publishers, digital dilemmas for repositories. Online Information Review 2007 3(6):741-743

The paper aims at examining the issue of the development of digital publishing and the managing of data preservation. As publihsers, writers and readers are becoming increasingly digital, a greater burden seems to be placed also on libraries and repositories, responsible of finding new and more effective ways of preserving digital artifacts. That is why according to the authors a symbiotic relationship seems to exist between publishers and institutions charged with mantaining digital artifacts from these publishers;jsessionid=4F8020A9202496AED3432DED0CC1750D?contentType=Article&contentId=1640576

Monday, November 26, 2007

B - Using position, fonts and cited references to retrieve documents.

Yen-Liang Chen, Li-Chen Cheng, and Yun-Ling Cheng. - Using position, fonts and cited references to retrieve scientific documents. Journal of Information Science 2007 33: 492-508

As more and more documents become available on the internet, finding documents that fit users' needs is becoming increasingly important. A scientific document is a structured text and has some features that can be used to improve retrieval. In this work, fonts, position and cited references are investigated to this aim. These three factors together can improve retrieval performance. This work first investigates the relationships among them, and then uses them to design a novel retrieval method based on the discovered relationships. Empirical results show that using the location factor alone achieves the same performance as considering location and font factors simultaneously. Citation similarity is useful only when the similarity is high.

B - Coverage analysis of Scopus

de Moya-Anegón F, Chinchilla-Rodríguez Z, Vargas-Quesada B, Corera-Álvarez E, Muñoz-Fernández FJ, González-Molina A, Herrero-Solana V. Coverage analysis of Scopus: A journal metric approach.Scientometrics 2007,73(1: 53-78.

The coverage of the Scopus database is compared with Ulrich's. The variables taken into account were subject distribution, geographical distribution, distribution by publishers and the language of publication. The analysis of the coverage of a product of this nature should be done in relation to an accepted model, the optimal choice being Ulrich’s Directory, considered the international point of reference for the most comprehensive information on journals published throughout the world. The results allow us to draw a profile of Scopus in terms of its coverage by areas — geographic and thematic — and the significance of peer-review in its publications.

B - Measuring scientific eminence with h-index and other indicators

Peter Vinkler. - Eminence of scientists in the light of the h-index and other scientometric indicators. Journal of Information Science 2007 33: 481-491. DOI: 10.1177/0165551506072165

Scientometrics cannot offer a simple consistent method for measuring the scientific eminence of individuals. The h-index method introduced by Hirsch was found applicable for evaluating publications of senior scientists with similar publishing features, only. When calculating scientometric indexes for individuals, self-citations should be excluded and the effect of the different bibliometric features of the field should be taken into account.

Tuesday, November 20, 2007

W - The history of Nature, 138 years of science publication

Nature has published an editorial collection looking back over its unique 138 year history.
Visit to read specially commissioned articles, use interactive timelines and watch video interviews with Nature’s previous editors and science historians. You can even nominate and debate your favorite papers, letters and oddities. Visit the site and gain a novel insight into how Nature has both influenced and been influenced by some of the leading scientific minds and events in world history.

Wednesday, November 14, 2007

B - OBO Foundry: coordinated evolution of ontologies to support biomedical data integration

Smith B, Ashburner M, Rosse C, Bard J, Bug W, Ceusters W, Goldberg L J, Eilbeck K, Ireland A, Mungall C J, the OBI Consortium, Leontis N, Rocca-Serra P, Ruttenberg A, Sansone S A, Scheuermann R H, Shah N, Whetzel P L, Lewis S. The OBO Foundry: coordinated evolution of ontologies to support biomedical data integration. Nature Biotechnology 2007;25(11):1251-55.

As the value of data is enhanced by their being in a form that allows them to be integrated with other data, a wide number of "ontologies", common controlled vocabularies, were created to approach this integration. Unfortunately the proliferation of these "ontologies" became an obstacle itself to integration. The Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) consortium, pursuing a strategy to overcome this problem, is undergoing a coordinated reform. The result is a new family of ontologies designed to be interoperable and logically well formed and to incorporate accurate representations of biological reality.

B - Plagiarism and punishment

Godlee F. Plagiarism and punishment. BMJ 2007;335 doi: 10. 1136/bmj.39392.602523.47

Plagiarism is listed, in the US Office for Research Integrity (ORI)'s definition of research misconduct, as one of the three high crimes of research fraud. The Commettee on Publication Ethics (COPE) lists 18 cases of plagiarism from 1998 to 2005, but is liklely that there has been a sensibly higher number. COPE has also a series of flow charts that outline what journals should do if editors suspect plagiarism, even if in the end everyone still rely on academic institutions, that too often still fail, as in the case of an eminent Croatian clinician and academic, that cast a cloud on the Croatian research community.

Friday, November 09, 2007

B - Access all theses

Banks, Michael. 2007 . Physics World 20(11)18-19.
Argues that the time is ripe for a complete online database of PhD theses and that physicists should take a lead

Posted for John Glen

Tuesday, November 06, 2007

W - Data management videos

Submitted by Margaret Cooter:

The United States Office of Research Integrity, which is part of the Department of Health and Human Services has made available a set of ten short videos from Syracuse University (funded by the ORI). Says the blurb:

When is it appropriate to share data? Are you allowed to share the research protocol with other universities? Under what circumstances is it appropriate to remove lab books from the lab? After viewing each 10 second video, the learners are presented with a question to see what action they would take in response to the situation. Consequences for each action are given to allow users immediate feedback about their decision making process.

W - "Vancouver style" updated

The Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors have been recently updated (Octover 2007)with new considerations on publication ethics

B- Plagiarism

Rich MW. Plagiarism in an article: Is there any evidence? Medical
Hypotheses 2007;69:1154-62. doi: 10.1016/m.mehy.2007.05.039

Authors of a published paper "relied heavily" on this author's earlier
publication, and also violated other authors' copyright. In an apologetic
reply, published without editing (pp1155-6; doi
10.1016/jmehy.2007.06.024), the Chinese authors say: "The full
understanding of citation model as well as language problem (English is
not native language) for us may also be principle reasons for those

posted for Margaret Cooter

B - Vindication of the "editorial review" system for revolutionary science

Charlton BG. Medical Hypotheses 2006 impact factor rises to 1.3 - a
vindication of the "editorial review" system for revolutionary science.
Medical Hypotheses 2007;36:967-9. doi: 10.1016.j.mehy.2007.07.107

The journal's impact factor has doubled since 2004, and it has now entered
the mainstream level of "respectable" medical jourals in terms of its
usage by other scientists, says its editor. The journal aims to publish
radical and speculative ideas; a healthy impact factor is important
because the journal uses a system of editorial review rather than peer
review. As editorial review relies on hard-to-quantify and non-transparent
individual judgments, it is important for its outcomes to be open to
objective evaluations, such as impact factors and downloads, to show the
journal's usefulness in the dynamic process of science.

Posted for Margaret Cooter

Friday, November 02, 2007

W - Equator: Improving reporting of health research

The EQUATOR Network is a new quality improvement initiative that seeks to enhance reliability of medical research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting of health research.
This goal will be achieved maily by raising awareness of the crucial importance of good reporting of research. The EQUATOR grew out of the work of CONSORT and other guideline development groups.