Wednesday, June 19, 2013

B - Bioresources sharing and traceability

Mabile L, Dalgleish R, Thorisson GA, et al. Quantifying the use of bioresources for promoting their sharing in scientific research. GigaScience 2013;2:7
(doi: 10.1186/2047-217X-2-7)

An increasing portion of biomedical research relies on the use of biobanks and bioresources. To address the need to incentivize the development, maintenance, and sharing of bioresources, an appropriate set of principles, tools, and guidelines is required. This article proposes to measure the use of bioresources in scientific research as a value of their impact, leading to create the Bioresource Research Impact Factor (BRIF).

Tuesday, June 18, 2013

B - Cost effectiveness for open access journals

Corbyn Z. Price doesn't always buy prestige in open access. Nature 22 Jan. 2013
(doi: 10.1038/nature.2013.12259)

An online interactive tool suggests that the open-access journals that charge the most aren't necessarily the most influential. This freely accessible tool, called Cost Effectiveness for Open Access Journals and launched in January 2013, incorporates pricing and prestige information for 657 open-access journals indexed by Thomson Reuters, including 356 that do not charge any fees.
The data are plotted to show a journal's Article Influence (AI) score against the fee it charges per article. The tool shows that a journal's fees do not correlate particularly strongly with its influence, as measured by a citation-based index. This metric could be used by authors to help them decide between the different venues they could publish in.

B - Open access and altmetrics

Mounce R. Open access and altmetrics: distinct but complementary. Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology 2013;39(4):14-17

Open access (OA) publications have been shown to gain more citations than articles with restricted access. Thus, alternative metrics (altmetrics) have arisen to better assess the influence and impact of online journal articles. They are still new, relatively unexplored and underdeveloped. This article considers the complementary relationship between OA journal publishing and altmetrics.

B - Medical writing in the Middle East

Handjani F, Habibzaedh F. Medical writing in the Middle East. Medical Writing 2013;22(2):96-98
(doi: 10.1179/2047480613Z.000000000112)

Over the past three decades, Middle Eastern countries have made substantial progress in both conducting and publishing scientific research. Regional initiatives, such as the foundation of the Eastern Mediterranean Association of Medical Editors and the AuthorAID project in the Eastern Mediterranean, have helped, but challenges remain. Improved training and educational programmes are needed, and the concept, importance, and principles of scientific writing need to be incorporated earlier in existing educational programmes.

B - Health research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region

Ismali SA, McDonal A, Dubois E, et al. Assessing the state of health research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2013;106(6):224-233
(doi: 10.1258/jrsm.2012.120240)

This review presents an assessment of the current state of health research systems across the Eastern Mediterranean Region based on publicly available literature and data sources. The review finds that – while there have been important improvements in productivity in the Region since the early 1990s – overall research performance is poor with critical deficits in system stewardship, research training and human resource development, and basic data surveillance. This review identifies key areas for a regional strategy and how to address challenges, including increased funding, research capacity-building, reform of governance arrangements and sustained political investment in research support.

B - Integrity of clinical trial evidence

Loder E, Godlee F, Barbour V, et al. Restoring the integrity of the clinical trial evidence base. BMJ 2013;346:f3601
(doi: 10.1136/bmj.f3601)

The authors stated that many completed trials have never been published, and many published results are incomplete or misleading. Hidden or misreported information from clinical trials is one of the leading scientific problems of our time. Peter Doshi and colleagues call on institutions that funded and investigators who conducted abandoned trials to publish (in the case of unpublished trials) or formally correct or republish (in the case of misreported trials) their studies. Their RIAT (restoring invisible and abandoned trials) proposal is here described. It provides a minimum set of criteria for the proper and responsible publication and republication of abandoned studies.

B - Modules for teaching publication writers

Barroga EF. Essential modules for teaching publication writers. Medical Writing 2013;22(1):4-9
(doi: 10.1179/204748012X13560931063555)

This article introduces 16 essential modules to teach medical writers to enhance their ability to help researchers effectively communicate in scholarly publications. Each module addresses the different aspects and components of writing, editing, and publishing articles.  A competency evaluation system consisting of 14 competency areas is also described.

Monday, June 17, 2013

B - Peer review impact

Rigby J. Looking for the impact of peer review: does count of funding acknowledgments really predict research impact? Scientometrics 2013;94:57-73
(doi: 10.1007/s11192-012-0779-5) 

This paper examines an important bibliometric relationship that has been assumed to exist between the count of the funding acknowledgements received by a research paper and the paper’s citation impact within the context of a single journal. The results suggest that at the level of a specific journal the link is evident but is weak and questionable.

B - Peer review evaluation

Baethge C, Franklin J, Mertens S. Substantial agreement of referee recommendations at a general medical journal – A peer review evaluation at Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. PLoS ONE 2013;8(5): e61401

This study analyzed the peer review process at Deutsches Ärzteblatt International journal focusing on the following questions: What is the distribution of reviewer recommendations? To what degree did the editors follow reviewer recommendations? What is the agreement among reviewers in evaluating manuscripts? Are reviewer recommendations associated with the number of future citations?

B - Relationship between information literacy and creativity

Raeis AR, Bahrami S, Yousefi M, et al. Relationship between information literacy and creativity: a study of students at the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Materia Socio-Medica 2013;25(1):28-31
(doi: 10.5455/msm.2013.25.28-31) 

Information literacy is a facility to empower individuals and as a set of skills to identify and access the accurate sources of information and use them purposefully. This article investigates the relationship between information literacy and creativity of students at the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in Iran. The results showed that information literacy and its dimensions in students are higher than average but creativity is lower than average, and that the students who are more creative are more information literate.

B - Acta Medica Academica indexed in PubMed

Tahirović H. Acta Medica Academica is now indexed in Medline/PubMed. Acta Medica Academica 2013;42(1):1-3
(doi: 10.5644/ama2006-124.64)

After six years’ hard work by the new editorial board of Acta Medica Academica the journal was selected for indexing in Medline/PubMed. To reach this goal, a significant activity of the journal has been individual work with young authors about writing skills and medical publishing process. In a relatively short period of time, the quality of the journal has increased and cooperation with national and foreign biomedical institutions and experts is going to be improved.

B - Characteristics of randomized controlled trials

Bala MM, Akl EA, Sun X, et al. Randomized trials published in higher vs. lower impact journals differ in design, conduct, and analysis. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2013 (66):286-295
(doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2012.10.005)

Rigorously designed and conducted randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide high-quality evidence regarding the effects of health care interventions. This study examined and compared the study design, conduct, analysis and/or reporting of a large cohort of RCTs published in higher vs. lower impact journals. Results showed that RCTs published in higher impact journals were less prone to risk of bias.

Thursday, June 13, 2013

B - Influences of media on social movements

Olorunnisola AA, Martin BL. Influences of media on social movements: problematizing hyperbolic inferences about impacts. Telematics and Informatics 2013;30:275-288
(doi: 10.1016/j.tele.2012.02.005)

Authors critically assessed cases across Africa of variegated employment of old (i.e., radio, newspaper, television) and new media platforms (i.e., Facebook, Twitter, mobile telephone text messaging) by four social movements spanning 35 years. Assessments underscore citizen empowerment and multiplier capabilities of new media but affirm the value of contextual factors that minimize hyperbolic assumptions about the contribution of new media to the formation and progression of social movements.

B - Are alternative metrics still alternative?

Buschman M, Michalek A. Are alternative metrics still alternative? Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology 2013;39(4):35-39

Alternative metrics provide a more complete view of peer response to scholarly writings. A better categorization of scholarly impact would cover usage, captures, mentions and social media in addition to citations. Metrics should include mentions in blogs and other nontraditional formats, open review forums, electronic book downloads, library circulation counts, bookmarks, tweets and more.

B - Publication ethics in the UK

Wager E. The UK should lead the way on research integrity. BMJ 2013;346.f2348
(doi: 10.1136/bmj.f2348)

The Concordat to Support Research Integrity, published by Universities UK in July 2012, states that research institutions should be responsible for investigating misconduct, according to the International Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines. It also recognises the need for a coordinated approach to research integrity, thus global alignment of guidelines and standards in research integrity are essential. According to the author, the UK does better than some other European countries, but there is no room for complacency.

B - Technology and discipline

Editorial. Disciplinary action. How scientists share and reuse information is driven by technology but shaped by discipline. Nature 495:409-410
(doi: 10.1038/495409b)

Scientists don't hold consistent views about how widely information should be shared and reused.
Today, diversity of experiences and attitudes on the open sharing stand out across the disciplines. New technologies can allow a much greater and faster transition to a digital future, that will ideally be an amalgam of papers, data and software that interlinks with tools for analysis, annotation, visualization and citation.

B - The determinants of open access publishing

Eger T, Scheufen M, Meierrieks D. The determinants of open access publishing: survey evidence from Germany. Social Science Research Network March 13, 2013
(doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2232675)

Results of a 2012 survey showed significant differences between the scientific disciplines with respect to researcher's awareness of and experience with both open access journals and self-archiving. Results also suggested that the relevance of OA journals within a discipline drives the OA decision. Several other aspects like copyright law, age or profession can play a role.

Tuesday, June 11, 2013

B - The structured abstracts

Bauchner H, Henry R, Golub RM. The restructuring of structured abstracts. Adding a table in the Results section. JAMA 2013;309(5):491-492
(doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.76)

Today all medical journals virtually use structured abstracts for articles reporting the results of research papers, although the sections and subheadings vary in journals. In this issue of JAMA the next generation of structured abstract is introduced, featuring a table in the Results section, that displays the key findings. This is intended to convey the key results of the study in a clear, concise and efficient manner.

B - Editors' implementation of CONSORT guidelines

Hopewell S, Ravaud P, Baron G, et al. Effect of editors’ implementation of CONSORT guidelines on the reporting of abstracts in high impact medical journals: interrupted time series analysis. BMJ 2012;344:e4178

This article aims at investigating the effect of the publication of the CONSORT for Abstracts guidelines, and the effect of different journals' editorial policies to implement them, on the reporting quality of abstracts of randomised trials published in five high impact, general medical journals. The results show that the guidelines improved the reporting when actively implemented by a specific editorial policy. Passive dissemination of information was generally ineffective.

B - Traditional and open access publishing in oncology

Poltronieri E, Bravo E, Camerini T, et al. Where on earth to publish? a sample survey comparing traditional and open access publishing in the oncological field. Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 2013;32(4)
(doi: 10.1186/1756-9966-32-4)

This article intends to help scientific authors to make the best choice of journals in which to publish, by describing and comparing journal features in the area of oncology. For this purpose, the authors identified impact factor ranking, cost options and copyright conditions offered to authors wishing to publish in full open access, subscription-based or hybrid journals. Alternatives to high-cost business models, investments in setting up institutional repositories hosting the published versions of articles and efforts to overcome copyright barriers and gain free access to scientific literature are all crucial should all be considered.

Wednesday, June 05, 2013

B - Open vs blinded peer review

Vinther S, Nielsen OH, Rosenberg J, et al. Same review quality in open versus blinded peer review in "Ugeskrift for Laeger". Danish Medical Journal 2012;59(8):A4479

The aim of this study was to compare the quality of reviews produced by identifiable and anonymous reviewers working for the Journal of the Danish Medical Association (Ugeskrift for Laeger-Ufl), and to characterize authors' and reviewers' attitudes towards different peer review systems (open, single-blinded and double-blinded). Results showed the same quality in reviews, but many reviewers and authors preferred anonymity and, thus, a a blinded peer review. The lack of anonymity might cause reviewers, already limited in number in a national journal like Ufl, to decline when asked for reviews.

B - Editing in the digital world - Conference

Masic I. "Editing in the digital world" - Scientific conference about medical editing and publishing, Tallinn June 08-10.2012. Acta Informatica Medica 2012;20(3):198-199
(doi: 10.5455/aim.2012.20.198-199)

The scientific conference "Editing in the digital world" (Tallinn, June 8-10, 2012) was also dedicated to the celebration of the 30th EASE anniversary. The article describes the interesting scientific part of the conference, that included plenary lectures, workshops on specific educational topics and work sessions on specific issues. During the General Assembly seven new members of the Council were appointed for the period 2012-2015.

B - Digital licenses replace print prices

Gantz P. Digital licenses replace print prices as accurate reflection of real journal costs. Professional/Scholarly Publishing Bulletin 2012;11(3):1-5

Library Journal's Annual Periodical Price Survey 1990-2010 showed a more than six-fold increase in journal prices since 1990. Institutional libraries have shifted their purchasing patterns from print to digital holdings, and are pursuing licensing agreements that provide perpetual digital access to a body of content, instead of purchasing subscription to individual journals.

B - Copy-editing of research papers

Joshi Y. Copy-editing of research papers: who and why and why not. Current Science 2013;104(2):171

This commentary explores the “who and why” of copy-editing. The need for copy-editing to ensure the quality of research papers and the importance of hiring an editor with language and subject expertise are evinced. According to the author, it is tempting to believe that a good copy-editing contributes to raising the  impact factor of a journal, but he couldn't find any research to support this assumption. Current Science is among the few Indian journals to maintain a stable of copy-editors, in-house and otherwise. Most Indian journals do not for a variety reasons, probably the most common being that the majority of journals don't run on professional lines.

B - Medical writer education

Benau D. On educating the medical writer. Medical Writing 2013;22(1):26-28
(doi: 10.1179/2047480612Z.00000000081)

Most medical writers received their education on the job rather than through formal education. However, formal education gives a more uniform foundation of knowledge than experience alone. This article addresses some of the differences between education and training, educational approaches and delivery methods, and potential effects on employment prospects.