Friday, September 23, 2016

B - Self-citation rates higher for men

Singh Chawla D. Self-citation rates higher for men. Nature 2016;535:212

Men cite their own papers 56% more than women on average, according to an analysis of 1.5 million studies published between 1779 and 2011. The analysis looked at papers across disciplines in the digital library JSTOR and found that men’s self-citation rate had risen to 70% more than women’s over the past two decades, despite an increase of women in academia in recent years. According to the study authors, men view their abilities more positively than women do and face fewer societal penalties for self-promotion than do women.

B - OA bibliography

Bailey CW, Jr. Transforming scholarly publishing through open access: a bibliography. Digital Scholarship 2010

This publication with over 1,100 references provides in-depth coverage of published journal articles, books, and other textual works about the open access movement. Many references have links to freely available copies of included works.

B - PhD thesis: being more open

Burrough-Boenisch J. PhD thesis: being more open about PhD papers. Nature 2016;536:274
(doi: 10.1038/536274b)

In the Netherlands, a PhD thesis is published before the viva voce exam with an ISBN identifier and is later posted online. Advantages over the traditional monograph thesis include: it is quick and easy to write; feedback from the papers' reviewers can be instructive; and students attain a presence in the international science community before graduation. The author of this Letter also suggests that the thesis itself could contain a statement of all assistance received.

B - Predatory journals

Beall J. Best practices for scholarly authors in the age of predatory journals. Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England 2016;98(2):77-79
(doi: 10.1308/rcsann.2016.0056)

The author discusses one recent phenomenon that has arisen from the open access movement: that of ‘predatory publishers’. These are individuals or companies that use the open access financial system (author pays, rather than library subscribes) to defraud authors and readers by promising reputable publishing platforms but delivering nothing of the sort. They frequently have imaginary editorial boards, do not operate any peer review or quality control, are unclear about payment requirements. The author manages a blog site that names publishers and journals that he has identified as predatory, the Beall's lists.

B - Gold OA sustainability

Mellon Foundation. Pay it forward. Investigating a sustainable model of open access article processing charges for large North American research institutions. 185p.

A major study conducted by the University of California, Davis, and the California Digital Library, the Pay-It-Forward project, addressed the financial ramifications for the types of research institutions whose affiliated scholars generate a preponderance of the scholarly literature. It investigated the financial sustainability of the OA gold model, in which journal publishers charge authors an article processing charge (APC) to generate revenue instead of subscriptions. The project has collected data on journal budgets and expenditures, publishing costs and APCs, attitudes about Gold OA of publishers and authors at various career stages, and authorship patterns at our institutions.

B - Data exchange standards for peer review

Paglione LD, Lawrence RN. Data exchange standards to support and acknowledge peer-review activity. Learned Publishing 2015;328:309-316
(doi: 10.1087/20150411)

A Working Group on Peer Review Service, facilitated by CASRAI, was created to develop a data model and citation standard for peer-review activity that can be used to support both existing and new review models. Standardized citation structures for reviews can enable the inclusion of peer-review activity in personal recognition and evaluation