Sunday, November 30, 2008

B - Open data: the elephant in the room?

Morgan P. Open data: the elephant in the room? Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries.2008
4(4): 4-6

Scientific research is based on data and the Open Access movement now incorporates the need for open access to research data, or Open Data. Research funding bodies are mandating the release and re-use of data, but small-scale research projects may lack the resources to implement Open Data management procedures. Libraries and institutional repositories, which have focused efforts on managing text resources rather than data, can assist in addressing this problem by collaborating with the research community.

B - Publishing should help research

Inchoombe I. Publishing should help research. Research Information.June/July 2008

The managing director of Nature Publishing Group (NPG) expresses his views on STM publishing. In his opioiob, there is an expectation that there will be more and more information out there and researchers want to be able to filter the information. There is an increasing demand for the alerting of new, relevant information from publishers or aggregators.Peer review is so important to quality and accuracy that it must be treated it with respect. Last year, an open-review trial had a very low response. NPG believes that open access will offer something of good value and benefit to some parts of the market but they do not see the author-pays model as appropriate for the Nature-branded journals today. Thwy have a free-to-access preprint server, Nature Precedings

Saturday, November 29, 2008

B - Beyond English: Accessing the global epidemiological literature

Beyond English: Accessing the global epidemiological literature
Edited by Mr. Isaac Fung Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2008, 5:21


The thematic series 'Beyond English: Accessing the global epidemiological literature' in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology highlights the wealth of epidemiological and public health literature in the major languages of the world, and the bibliographic databases through which they can be searched and accessed. This editorial suggests that all systematic reviews in epidemiology and public health should include literature published in the major languages of the world and that the use of regional and non-English bibliographic databases should become routine. Look at the site and download articles showing different realities in distant countries from China to Brasil, to Latin American and the Carribean, to Russia, Easterern ad West Europe.

B - Finding open access articles using Google, Google Scholar, OAIster and OpenDOAR

Norris M, Oppenheim C, Rowland F. Finding open access articles using Google, Google Scholar, OAIster and OpenDOAR. Online Information Review. 2008 (32)6:709-15

DOI: 10.1108/14684520810923881

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the relative effectiveness of a range of search tools in finding open access (OA) versions of peer reviewed academic articles on the world wide web. The results indicate that, for the moment at least, to find OA articles should it is better to use the general search engines Google and Google Scholar rather than OpenDOAR or OAIster.

Friday, November 28, 2008

B - Peer Review Isn't Perfect...But it's not a conspiracy

Wiley S. Peer Review Isn't Perfect...But it's not a conspiracy designed to maintain the status quo. The Scientists 2008 (11):31

When peer review is negative, it is counterproductive to consider it as a personal assaults. The author, a Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Fellow and director of PNNL's Biomolecular Systems Initiativere, recalls personal experiences and suggests how it is better to wait before reacting to a negative review and then pretend that it was written by his best friends. This helps to discover the truly useful comments contained in the review and take the greatest advantage out of that .

Thursday, November 20, 2008

B - Publication is positively skewed

Bjorn G. Publication is positively skewed. Nature Medicine 2008;14:1133

The article reports the results of some investigations showing that positive results of clinical trials for drugs or devices have a higher chance of getting published in the medical literature than negative trials. This leads to a phenomenon called 'positive publication bias', a serious problem that can make a drug or device appear in the literature to be more effective than it really is. Experts suggest that the FDA Amendments Act of 2007 has improved transparency, because the law mandates that sponsors or primary investigators of clinical trials for approved drugs post a summary of their results in a national open-access database, but not every type of clinical trial is covered by the legislation, nor does it directly affect medical journals.

B - Bubble fusion scientist disciplined

Levi B G. Bubble fusion scientist disciplined. Physics Today 2008;61(11):28-30

Reports the results of a third investigation by Purdue Unuversity into alleged scientific misconduct by Rusi Taleyarkhan in connection with claims to have produced nuclear fusion in a tabletop experiment. The committee considered 12 allegations and found sufficient evidence to cite Taleyarkhan with research misconduct in two cases. The first concerned a paper originally submitted by one author, a postdoctoral fellow, of work in which Taleyarkhan had been involved, and to which he subsequently persuaded one of his master's students to add his name as coauthor after referees' criticism of the first submission. The second concerned a paper in which Taleyarkhan said his eariler results had been subsequently confirmed citing the previously mentioned paper. Taleyarkhan appealed the findings but the University's appeal committee concluded that the committee had followed due process and had an evidentiary basis for its conclusions.

Posted for John Glen

Thursday, November 13, 2008

B - Enhancing the h-index to score total publication output

Anderson TR, Hankin RKS, Killworth PD. Beyond the Durfee square: Enhancing the h-index to score total publication output. Scientometrics 2008;76(3):577-78.

In this article, the authors propose a new bibliometric index, that is the "tapered h-index". It is known that the h-index of an individual scientist corresponds to the number h of his/her papers that each has at least h citations. Nevertheless it happens that the citation count of an article exceeds h. For this reason, in the specific case of the hundreds or thousands of citations that characterize the most highly cited papers, no additional credit is given. So this new index positively scores all citations and it shows smooth increases from year to year.