Wednesday, May 30, 2007
The authors report three studies aimed to investigate gendering and other factors (race, ethnicity) in interdisciplinarity. Particularly, as regards women, the limited data suggest that, overall, women tend to be more interdisciplinary than men and this is probably due to "different gender-based ways of knowing". Further, the "Matilda Effect" (coined by M.W. Rossiter) in science is cited, as a corollary to the "Matthew Effect" (by R. K. Merton), to underline that women tend to receive less credit for their scientific work than their male colleagues even when they deserve more recognition.
Friday, May 25, 2007
An international bibliography on academic electronic publishing: over selected 2500 books, articles from 1990 to surf and try to understand the changing system of academic scientific communiation.
An index is developed to measure scientific creativity, in terms of creating new and useful knowledge, and therefore to evaluate the scientific merit.
Suggests a kind of action plan for those ESL (English as secondlanguage) researchers who wish to improve their writing skills.
In the manner of an old-fashioned general practitioner, the suggested prescription is a ‘mixture’ comprising (a) extensive reading, (b) a modest amount of progressively difficult writing assignments, (c) revising one’s writing, and (d) developing a concern for readers.
It is possible, simply through massive exposure, to absorb typical patterns of English sentences and to string words together in those patterns without any formal study of grammar.
Many people hear about medical discoveries for the first time through popular media. (Newspapers, magazines, television and the Internet). Good medical journalism provides accurate, balanced reports and important contextual information, helps to set appropriate expectations on the part of consumers, informs the larger medical community, and thus arguably provides a vital public service. By the same token, poor medical journalism can exaggerate or oversimplify an issue, unnecessarily inflating expectations of patients and providers and putting increasing strain on the physician–patient relationship.
A major and sustained improvement in reporting standards needs to start with improving the education of journalists and the public on what qualities to look for in news reports about new treatments. Read the article to find more critical suggestions and useful links.
The peer review process is not without flaws. The birth of the open access publication model and the rise of a more open science presents an ideal opportunity to re-evaluate the transparency of editorial and peer review practices. Many suggestions and hints are given to critically evalute open peer review process.
The mission of Open Medicine is to facilitate the equitable dissemination of high-quality health research; to promote international dialogue and collaboration on health issues; to improve clinical practice; and to expand and deepen the understanding of health and health care.
Tuesday, May 22, 2007
Fest wants to launch a new way of communicating science through narration, but also through interaction and dialogue: from the pages of books to the voices of scientists, from the latest generation of multimedia products to the experience of professionals in this field.
FEST focuses on all publishing products: from books to audiobooks, from newspapers to digital magazines, from television to the Internet. A wide range of meetings, conferences, and performances of various kinds enable the public to discover and develop the most diverse aspects of the scientific world.
About this book the author says: "this book is aimed at hands-on scientific editors, those who work with the nuts and bolts of the text—from spelling, punctuation and grammar (copyediting) to meaning and logic (substantive editing). Copyeditors (subeditors) and journal editors will also find something of interest in it. I decided to write this book when I recognised that the assortment of books on my shelves either don’t mention some faults of scientific writing that I regularly encounter, or mention them only in passing. The book collects together many subtle, recurring errors that I’ve come to recognise in my more than 20 years of editing. It also incorporates a few essays I’ve written or lectures I’ve given on things that annoy
me about scientific writing..."
The full text of the book is free online
Sunday, May 20, 2007
The author distinguishes between twelve types of title for academic articles, and suggests that these should be discussed with student writers. Before and afrer examples are provided to show how titles can be improved.
Posted for James Hartley
Thursday, May 17, 2007
This article focuses on two aspects: research productivity and the journal system. A survey, related to these issues, was carried out involving a select group of biomedical scientists. Among the relevant results that are pointed out, the main problems on research productivity concern funding issues; while accessing to the journal articles is not considered to be an obstacle to the scientific work (issue ranked 12 of 16). Scientists, librarians, universities and funding bodies should constructively dialogue, by examining "the complete R&D value-chain, from research proposal through citation to exploitation", and possibly contribute to the scientific and economic progress.
Tuesday, May 15, 2007
With the current rapid evolution of scientific communication in its different facets, the author considers citations (and, consequently, impact factor) not completely representative of a journal value, and proposes other criteria to evaluate a journal such as: journal attraction power, author associativity and journal consumption power.
Tuesday, May 08, 2007
This paper describes the results of a number of interviews with scholarly biomedical faculty members at two
Article surveying open access issues from the perspective of a molecular biologist. Open access archives/repositories and also open access journals are discussed including questions of financing and the desirability of including metadata to develop "open science": Open (Access + Data + Source + Standards + Licensing) = Open Science.
Posted for John Glen
Article discussing the arguments for and against the embargo system under which science journals provide journalists with advance copies of newsworthy articles, but set strict timelines on when that information can be shared. He concludes that the system does more harm than good in the reporting in newspapers of science advances. The article is adapted from the author's book Embargoed Science © 2006 by Vincent Kiernan (see http://www.press.uillinois.edu/.)
Posted for John Glen
Physical Review Letters launched a new feature in January. Each weekly issue has several papers designated as "Editors' Suggestions". These are intended to be papers that are well written and of interest to a wide range of physicists. How they are selected is described. The announcement about the new feature can be found at http://prl.aps.org.
Posted for John Glen
Tuesday, May 01, 2007
ISBN 1 4051 3159 4 or 978 1 4051 3159 9
This is a handbook on how the process of peer reviewing and manuscript management should be carried out. After an Introduction its chapter headings are: The peer-review process - how to get going. Manuscript submission and initial checks on completeness and suitability. The full review process. The decision-making process for reviewed manuscripts. Moving to on-line submission and review. Reviewers - a precious resource. The obligations and responsibilities of the people involved in peer review. Misconduct in scientific research and publishing - what it is and how to deal with it.
Posted for John Glen