Tuesday, January 31, 2012

B - Retraction index

Fang FC, Casadevall A, Morrison RP. Retracted science and the retraction index. Infection and Immunity 2011;79(10):3855-3859
(doi: 10.1128/IAI.05661-11)

To determine whether journals differ in frequency of retracted articles and whether there is a relationship between retraction frequency and journal impact factor, the authors carried out a PubMed search among 17 journals. Using a novel measure, the "Retraction Index", they found that the frequency of retraction varies among journals and that it shows a strong correlation with the journal impact factor.

B - Influence of titles on citations

Jamali H, Nikzad M. Article title type and its relation with the number of downloads and citations. Scientometrics 2011;88(2):653-661
(doi: 10.1007/s11192-011-0412-z)

The authors wondered if the type of article title affect the number of citations and downloads an article receives. They found that articles with a question mark in their title tend to be downloaded more but cited less than descriptive or declarative titles. No significant correlation was found between title length and citation, whereas titles with colon tend to receive fewer downloads and citations.

B - Evaluating research: from informed peer-review to bibliometrics

Abramo G, D'Angelo CA. Evaluating research: from informed peer-review to bibliometrics. Scientometrics 2011;87(3):499-514
(doi: 10.1007/s11192-011-0352-7)

This article contrasts the peer-review and bibliometrics approaches in the conduct of national research assessment exercises. The comparison is conducted in terms of the essential parameters of any measurement system: accuracy, robustness, validity, functionality, time and costs. Empirical evidence shows that for the natural and formal sciences, the bibliometric methodology is by far preferable to peer-review.

B - New ways of making academic articles easier to read

Hartley J. New ways of making academic articles easier to read. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology 2011;12(1):141-158

This article focuses on more recent techniques in writing academic journal articles that might help authors when writing and revising text, and readers appreciate what they are saying. In particular, new approaches to the presentation of titles, abstracts, reader guidance, introductions, methods, results, tables, figures, and conclusions are discussed.

Friday, January 13, 2012

N - New journal from FEBS

Another News Notes, another new open biology journal. The Federation of Biochemical Societies (FEBS) has launched a new 'open-access' journal called FEBS Open Bio. The journal, published by Elsevier, is open for new submissions and also for direct transfer of articles rejected by other FEBS publications (FEBS Letters, FEBS Journal and Molecular Oncology). All articles will be freely available on Elsevier's SciVerse ScienceDirect platform, although the usage rights are more limited than with other fully open-access journals.

N - Free access to UK research?

The UK Government has published a report that calls for all publicly funded research to be made freely available. The report says: "Government will work with partners, including the publishing industry, to achieve free access to publicly-funded research as soon as possible and will set an example itself," Research councils will be required to ensure compliance with existing mandates to "deposit published articles or conference proceedings in an open access repository at or around the time of publication" and will investing £2 million (€2.4 million) to develop a 'Gateway to Research' website that could also include non-publicly funded research.

Wednesday, January 04, 2012

B - The ethics of scholarly peer review

Souder L. The ethics of scholarly peer review: a review of the literature. Learned Publishing 2011;24(1):55-72
(doi: 10.1087/20110109)

This review attempts to track the various ethical issues that arise among key participants in peer review systems: authors, editors, referees, and readers. These issues include: bias, courtesy, conflict of interest, redundant publication, honesty, transparency, and training. The literature since 1998 has shown few changes in the traditional peer review system, and reviewers are still not compensated or trained. Emerging online technologies have created new possibilities, as well as new difficulties.

B - Refereeing academic articles

Hartley J. Refereeing academic articles in the information age. British Journal of Educational Technology Epub 28 August 2011
(doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2011.01211.x)

In this article some of the current practices used by editors, authors and referees when using electronic submission and publishing systems are discussed. The use of new technology for submitting papers to the refereeing process increases the possibilities for gathering, analyzing and presenting summary data on these issues. Such data can also be used to clarify the roles played by editors, publishers, and referees. The author believes that refereeing should be open, i.e. correspondence between editors, referees and authors should be open and available, and not private.

B - Diversity, value and limitations of the journal impact factor

Bornmann L, Marx W, Gasparyan AY et al. Diversity, value and limitations of the journal impact factor and alternative metrics. Rheumathology International ePub 23 December 2011
(doi: 10.1007/s00296-011-2276-1)

This article discusses misuses of the journal impact factor (JIF) to assess impact of separate journal articles and the effect of several manuscript versions on JIF. The interpretation of its values are valid for comparisons within, but not between certain journal sets or subject categories. JIF should not be used as a sole measure of a journal rank. Its limitations can be overcome by complementing it with new alternative journal metrics such as SCImago Journal Rank and the h-index. Examples of application of these new metrics in several subject categories are analyzed.

B - Publishers: Mobile Applications and Mobile Web Page

Rodriguez TS. Publishers: Mobile Applications and Mobile Web Page. ETH Zuruch 2011.

Unpublished paper on services developed by 63 major publishers to distribute content using web 2 technologies. In recent years the technologies and systems for accessing the Web has evolved considerably. It is now common to see users accessing the web using smart phones, laptops, ipad or e-readers, etc.Publishers need to innovate and develop new ways to access content through web technologies. The paper presents and discusses some of the services developed by publishers.