Abramo G, D'Angelo CA. Evaluating research: from informed peer-review to bibliometrics. Scientometrics 2011;87(3):499-514
This article contrasts the peer-review and bibliometrics approaches in the conduct of national research assessment exercises. The comparison is conducted in terms of the essential parameters of any measurement system: accuracy, robustness, validity, functionality, time and costs. Empirical evidence shows that for the natural and formal sciences, the bibliometric methodology is by far preferable to peer-review.