B - Authorship and citation manipulation

Fong EA, Wilhite AW. Authorship and citation manipulation in academic research. PLoS One 2017;12(12):e0187394
(doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187394)

This study builds a framework around how intense competition for journal space and research funding can encourage authorship and citation manipulation. It then uses that framework to develop hypotheses about who manipulates and why they do so.