Ioannidis JPA,Greenland S, Htlatky MA, et al. Increasing value and reducing waste in research design, conduct, and analysis. The Lancet publ.online Jan.8, 2014
The authors outlined several problems and solutions to reduce waste in the design, conduct, and analysis of research. Potential solutions include improvements in protocols and documentation, consideration of evidence from studies in progress, standardisation of research efforts, optimisation and training of an experienced and non-conflicted scientific workforce, and reconsideration of scientific reward systems.