Patel J. Why training and specialization is needed for peer review: a case study of peer review for randomized controlled trials. BMC Medicine 2014;12:128
Innovations in peer review have focused on the process of peer review rather
than its quality. Some types of research, such as randomized controlled trials (RCTs), may lend
themselves to a more specialized form of peer review where training and ongoing
appraisal and revalidation is provided to individuals who peer review RCTs. Any randomized controlled trial peer reviewed by such a
trained peer reviewer could then have a searchable ‘quality assurance’ symbol
attached to the published articles and any published peer reviewer reports.