Wager E. The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE): objectives and achievements 1997-2012. La Presse Medicale 2012;41(9):861-866
COPE has now over 7000 members. The article describes its history, role, growth, governance and funding, and the deveolpment of guidelines. Each member may bring anonymised cases to a quartely forum, and cases form the basis for guidance such as the flowcharts, that have been translated into several languages. COPE aims at encouraging journal editors and publishers to consider the ethical implications of their policies and practices.