Leek JT, Taub MA, Pineda FJ. Cooperation between referees and authors increases peer review accuracy. PLoS ONE 2011;6(11):e26895
Researchers from John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health published results of a peer review simulation game designed to test the effects of open vs. closed review on reviewer accuracy.
Through both theoretical modeling and their game, played by a small community of scientists over cloud computing, they found that reviewers spend more time, are more collaborative and more accurate when review is open than when they work anonymously. Cooperative peer reviewing behaviour can lead to a higher review accuracy.