Rosenfeld RM. How to review journal manuscripts. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;142(4):472-86
Reviewing manuscripts is central to editorial peer review. A common complaint of nearly all journal editors is the difficulty in finding competent reviewers: identifying content experts is relatively easy, but finding those with expertise in both content and reviewing is quite another matter. Assuming the reviewer has appropriate expertise and is free of conflicts of interest, the article provides suggestions on how to review manuscripts, in particular: goals of editorial peer review, the structure for composing a manuscript review, criteria for explicit consideration in the general comments section, how to assess the internal validity (methodological quality) and the external validity (generalizability) of a manuscript, ethical aspects and composition.