An article in the Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology provides guidance for its' readers on this topic, as well as an Editorial in the journal which celebrates peer reviewers and the contribution the process makes to science.
The article by Gina Sucato and Cynthia Holland-Hall addresses the value of peer review as a cornerstone of the scientific process, and repeat the, now well-established notion that the majority of scholars engaged in the process have received "little or no training on how to conduct this key component of academic citizenship".
This article presents a systematic approach to performing peer-review, that begins with a summary of why individuals should want to peer review, gives insight into the journey a submisisons takes from submisison to publication before breaking down a peer review into several key components.
The article gives guidance and examples on both providing comments for the author, and the type of comments that benefit the journal Editor, and notes on decision recommendations.
It is a very thorough article offering valuable tuition, and one which we will be adding to our Peer Reviewer Toolkit for future reference.
The article is fully open access, and can be read here
In addition to this, an editorial by Editor-in-Chief Paula J. Adams Hillard titled The Peer Review Process and Celebrating Journal Reviewers in the same issue enthuses about the value of peer review to the journal and wider scientific endeavour. This one is behind a paywall, but the first page can be read here