B - The manuscript reviewing process

Bornmann L, Daniel H-D. The manuscript reviewing process: empirical research on review request, review sequences, and decision rules in peer review. Library & Information Science Research 2010;32:5-12
(doi: 10.1016/j.lisr.2009.07.010)

This study investigates which review requests are assigned by editors to external reviewers, which sequences of review steps typically occurr, and which rules are used by editors to decide whether to accept or reject a manuscript for publication. It is based on 1,899 manuscripts, reviewed for the year 2000 by the Angewandte Chemie International Edition editors. The majority of the manuscripts was accepted for publication only if it had been positively assessed by two independent reviewers.